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The pyramids of giza - in the open air

 

The most celebrated Egyptian pyramids to be built are the Great Pyramids of Giza, located in the bounds of present-day Cairo. There are over 100 Egyptian pyramids of a number of sizes, and over 50 more in bordering Sudan. However, the three Great Pyramids of Giza earn their fame by being the leading of these.

In the most admired movies of the Pyramids of Giza, like the one shown below, the central point pyramid, that of Khafre (Chephren), appears bigger due to the angle and as it was built on elevated ground. The chief pyramid is in fact the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), the one on the left.

The Great Pyramid of Khufu

Contrary to admired belief, not all the Great Pyramids of Giza are painstaking part of the Seven Wonders of the World. Only the largest, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, is a member, and is the only one of the Seven Wonders that still stands. Egypt was also home to an added of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was cracked long ago.

The Pyramid of Khufu has a height of 145 m (475 ft) and a base area of 52,400 sqm (562,500 sqft). That area is large an adequate amount of to fit over 20 Olympic-size swimming pools! And for thousands of years, until the rise of modern-day skyscrapers, the pyramid was the tallest construction in the world.

What makes the pyramid an architectural triumph and one of the Seven Wonders of the World is the fact that the rocks used in its construction each way more than 2 tons. And there are more than 2 million of those rocks.

Greek travelers to antiquated Giza wrote that it took a hundred thousand slaves 20 years to concept the pyramid. However, since they visited Egypt more than 2 thousand years after the Egyptian pyramids were built, the truth of their financial statement are suspect. Avant-garde engineers approximation that it would apt take less citizens and less time to build the pyramid using know-how that was existing at that time.

Treasures of the Pharaoh

The Pyramid of Khufu was built by the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) in the 4th Empire circa 2560 BC, building it over 4500 years old! It is far and wide acknowledged that the pyramid was built to bury Pharaoh Khufu when he died. However, many other conspiracy theories be plentiful as to why the pyramids were built, ranging from astrophysical observatories to alien artifacts.

Since Egyptian Pharaohs were noted for being covered with their great treasure, Arab conquerors attempted to gain access into the Pyramid of Khufu in order to loot it.

They managed to find a few narrow passages that led both up into the concentrate of the pyramid, and down beneath the colossal structure. However, all they managed to find at the end of these passages were empty chambers. No mummies or treasure was found in the pyramid.

During the Arabs' dig of the Pyramid of Khufu, they encountered a number of boulders and slabs that were used to seal the passages and chambers contained by the pyramid. They also found clandestine doors. This doubtless fueled the many myths about the Egyptian pyramids being booby-trapped, and where a grave pickpocket who managed to get in would never get out alive.

A 17th century Englishman managed to expose an added shaft linking the passages, but still no treasure was to be found.

Two conclusions can be derivative from this. One, antediluvian tomb raiders have long since plundered all the treasure from the pyramid, exit at the back of nobody but a few empty chambers. Or two, Khufu's mummy and treasure is still cunningly clandestine surrounded by (or beneath) the Great Pyramid.

Steven maintains the informational website Wonders of Antediluvian Egypt at http://www. nekhebet. com . Do visit if you want to find out more about the wonders of Egypt such as the Pyramids and the Lighthouse; or mysteries such as mummifcation and conspiracy theories; or its faith and history.


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