Tamil nadu ? a collection of civilization and celebration - in the open
Tamil Nadu is a delightful anachronism. With a rich background feat back to the early dawn of history, the land of Temples is also a advanced budding state. Tamil Nadu, Jewel of the South, is well known as a tourist destination in India. With a past full with advanced cultural and artistic achievements, tourists flock to Tamil Nadu chiefly for its past heritage. But there's more? Traveling to Chennai, dashing assets of Tamil Nadu, tourists see a advanced city, impressive as well as eminently livable. Besides, Tamil Nadu also has its fair share of great beaches, nature, wildlife, good food, festivals and fun.
History of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu's annals reaches back to the most basic history of pre-Aryan India. The initial Tamilians were descendents of the Dravidian race and the loose ends of their early empire excavated at Mohanjo Daro and Harappa, in North- Western India bear witness to a amply industrial civilization and culture. Invading Aryans caused them to draw back auxiliary South into Peninsular India in today's Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and of avenue Tamil Nadu. Here they developed and prospered, able statesmanship, built temples, pursued academics, wrote literature, poised music and poetry and gave rise to one of the oldest and most refined cultures of India.
Tamil Nadu - Land of Temples
Over 30, 000 temples have earned Tamil Nadu the sobriquet of "The Land of the Temples". Built over generations, by successive rulers of the Chola, Pallava, Pandya and Chera dynasties, Tamil Nadu's temples but bear a close resemble to each other in terms of their brute features. The impressive tower over the entrance, or gopuram, the tower over the hut or vimanam and the crucial hall are customary facial appearance athwart diverse architectural styles - a contemplation of the amply distinct and accurate rules governing the construction of temples.
Grander and more commanding than their North Indian counterparts, the temples of South India served as more than mere buildings for the worship of the deities housed there. Tamil Nadu's temples were central to the communal fabric of the towns where they stood. Plateful as community halls, schools and centers of learning, they played a role in the honor of central religious, community and supporting events. Anyway they doubled as granaries, storage space rooms and hospitals? From the perspective of tourism, Tamil Nadu's temples served as fountainheads of the spiritual and artistic effort of the Tamil people.
Dedicated to chief deities of the Hindu Pantheon such as Siva, Vishnu, their consorts Parvati and Lakshmi, as also Vinayak, Subramanya or Muruga, the Gods are worshipped with assorted names according to myths allied with the derivation of the temples: Siva is Ramanathaswamy - 'He who is worshipped by Rama' at Rameswaram, and Nataraja - 'Cosmic Dancer' at Chidambaram.
In Tamil Nadu Siva is worshipped as the five elements: Space in Chidambaram, Water in Tiruvanaikkaval, Fire in Tiruvannamalai, Earth in Kanchipuram and Air in Sri Kalahasti (Andhra Pradesh). Vishnu, often referred to in Tamil Nadu as Varadaraja Perumal and Ranganarthaswamy is worshipped as himself, as also by means of temples committed to his incarnations, Rama and Krishna.
Temples ardent to the consorts of the above Gods consist of the twin temples of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar at Madurai and the Kamakshi temple at Kanchi. Besides, temples enthusiastic to the elephant headed Ganpati or Ganesh, also known as Vigneswara or Pillayar, his younger brother Subramanya 'Lord of the Mountains' and other minor deities are also found in Tamil Nadu.
Saivism and Vaishnavism, the two most essential sects of Hinduism occur in Tamil Nadu, though, as in a different place in India, this apportionment is appropriate more and more fuzzy.
Natural Wonders of Tamil Nadu
Ancient settlers in Tamil Nadu categorized the borough into 5 altered physiogeographic features: Kurinji or the enormous region, Mullai or forests, Palai or the arid zone, Marudham or bountiful lands and Neidhal or coastal belt.
The Eastern and Western Ghats, antediluvian hill ranges, meet in Tamil Nadu, bestowing the state with some of the most ravishing hill stations of the South together with Ooty, Kodaikanal, Kothagiri and Yercaud.
Denser and enjoying more rain, the Western Ghats are densely woody above and beyond having tea, auburn and spice plantations. On the other hand, Yercaud, in the reasonably rocky, austere Eastern Ghats also offers fruit orchards and auburn plantations.
Travelers to the Western Ghats can also visit Tamil Nadu's major animals sanctuaries as well as the Mudumalai and Annamalai Animals Sanctuaries, home to elephants, gaur, deer monkeys and tigers. On a another note are Tamil Nadu's big mangrove forests comprising brilliant bird sanctuaries such as Lake Pulicat and Vedanthangal.
Besides boosting Tamil Nadu's tourism, the forests are also home to plentiful coffers of medical herbs together with Cinchona, which gives quinine for treating malaria and eucalyptus whose oil has curing properties. Also, Palmyrah trees grow generously in Tamil Nadu while rubber is a major crop in parts of Tamil Nadu as well as Kannyakumari. The Javadhu hills near Vellore yield a new abundantly sought after after botanical admiration - the sandalwood tree.
Tamil Nadu's abundant plains are fed by rivers such as Cauvery, Palar, Pennar, Vaigai and Tamiraparani. The ever flowing Cauvery chiefly irrigates the Coromandel plains, Tamil Nadu's most bountiful plains; its delta in the Thanjavur-Nagapattinam constituency is the genuine granary of Tamil Nadu! Palai, or the arid desert county of Tamil Nadu is seen primarily in Tirunelveli district.
Tamil Nadu's most enjoyable temptations, undeniably, are the beaches. With an broad shore Tamil Nadu was celebrated among travelers even in antediluvian times for its ports such as Mylapore, Poompuhar and Mamallapuram from where India conducted trade with Rome, Greece and the Far East. Today tourists can enjoy wide continual beaches such as Rameswaram, Kanyakumari and the most famed - Yachting marina beach in Chennai. 12 km of unobstructed sea and sand, make it the back up greatest beach the world.
Festivals of Tamil Nadu
With their artistic and aesthetic sensibilities and a robust sense of fun, it is no admiration Tamilians love festivals. Most of these memorialize procedures from holy mythology or celebrate the seasons.
Pongal: This most common of festival of Tamil Nadu's festivals celebrates the collect season. The celebrations stretching to three days, the first day is committed to the family, the back day to the sun and the third to the moon. Rice cooked in milk and jaggery is arranged and shared, with even the cattle and animals in receipt of their share. Much elation attends this festival, which is also traditionally experimental in rural areas with cooperation meals equipped by just now harvested produce.
Thai Pusam: Held in temples enthusiastic to Kartikeya or Mariamman, devotees determine their faith by under your own steam over burning coal. This over, much singing and feasting follows.
Kavadi Festival: Inspired by the legend of Idumban who approved two hillocks strung on a pole over his shoulders, devotees of Lord Muruga carry a 'Kavadi' - flower decoration, as they move up the Palani hills in Tamil Nadu to a temple at the summit.
Float Festival: Commemorating Tamil Nadu's description of Vishnu, Lord Alagar's benevolent of his sister, the Divinity Meenakshi in nuptials to Lord Sundaresa, bejeweled statues of the divine combine are taken out on a blonde bull from the Meenakshi temple on a full moon night and floated in a tank on a raft with vegetation and lamps. Devotees journey along with the procession, dancing and spraying colours
Karthigai Deepam: Exquisite rows of gleaming mud lamps exterior every home, and the happy burst of firecrackers mark Tamil Nadu's Festival of Lights.
Velankanni Festival: Commemorating the holy place of the Virgin Mary, built by indebted Portuguese sailors who extraordinarily escaped death when their ship was wrecked, this festival is attended by thousands. The minster is called the 'Lourdes of the East' on bank account of miraculous healings skilled by devotees here.
Kanthuri Festival: Dyed-in-the-wool to Quadirwali, a saint who was celebrated for doing good to colonize of all faiths, a descendent of the saint is select as a peer. On the tenth day Quadirwali's tomb is anointed with sandalwood paste, which is then scattered to share its curing powers.
Taste of Tamil Nadu
No tourist can claim to know Tamil Nadu till he has also tried its cuisine. For the Tamilian carries his gutsy, if refined ingenuity, to food as much as every other facet of his life. Tamil Nadu is predominantly vegetarian - a evidence of its check Hindu faith. While rice, lentils and vegetables are the staple, spices are used to give that exceptional flavour. Breakfast (tiffin) includes idli (steamed rice cake), dosa (steamed rice pancake), vada (patties made from gram flour) pongal (rice and lentils boiled as one and tested with cashew, interleave and cumin) and uppma (semolina tested with spices). Lunch is by and large rice along with vegetables, rasam (a spicy broth) and curd. Non-vegetarians have the choice of curries and dishes cooked using chicken, mutton, or fish.
Roozbegh Gazdar Content Writer http://www. traveljini. com seo@traveljini. com
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